Leaky heart disease is a term used when a person experiences a leak in the heart wall due to an abnormality in the heart valve or septum. If the leak occurs in the upper chamber, it is called ASD and if it occurs in the lower chamber, it is called VSD. Generally, leaky heart disease affects elderly people with heart valve abnormalities that occur because one of the valves can no longer close properly. While in infants and children, this condition is caused by a hole between the walls of the left and right chambers of the heart that does not close properly as a congenital abnormality or due to complications from infectious diseases. The initial symptoms are "trivial" in the form of high fever accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. But after being examined, the child was diagnosed by a doctor as suffering from a perforated heart cavity, which is often called a leaky heart, one of the congenital heart diseases. Because the heart valve wall is leaking, some of the clean blood (which contains oxygen) mixes with the dirty blood (contains toxic carbon dioxide). Dirty blood that is mixed is carried along with clean blood throughout the body with general symptoms that appear in the form of blue on the nails, tongue and mouth. Because the symptoms are not clear, in most cases this congenital heart defect is not detected immediately, and can be ignored.
The heart is a two-way pump that circulates blood throughout the body and back to the heart.
It is possible that the symptoms of cough and high fever experienced by children are considered as common colds, because the development of their organs is not perfect. However, the doctor can suspect it if the child often has this common disorder, and is difficult to recover, or his growth is delayed, and there is a strange sound heard through the stethoscope because his heartbeat is very noisy. This disorder must be treated immediately with the usual surgery (open heart surgery), or more recently with heart treatment without open surgery (amplatzer). The heart is a two-way pump that circulates blood throughout the body and back to the heart. This organ is mainly made up of a group of muscles called the myocardium. Blood flows in each muscle through the veins (blood vessels returning to the heart) into the atria (top of the heart), called the atria.
Then, into the chambers (bottom), called the ventricles, which pump blood into the arteries (blood vessels from the heart to the rest of the body). Blood flow in the heart chambers is controlled by unidirectional valves. The right side of the heart pumps blood to the pulmonary artery and then to the lungs (picking up oxygen). While the left side of the heart pumps blood from the lungs into the aorta, and flows around the body. There are many types of heart disease that can affect anyone, both adults and children. However, there are two leaky heart diseases as congenital diseases experienced by children from birth as heart abnormalities in the form of heart structure or function since the baby is in the womb. The most common are: ASD (atrial septal defect) or perforated atria, due to heart valve abnormalities and VSD (ventricle septal defect) or perforated heart chambers, a hole between the walls of the left and right chambers of the heart because it does not close completely. Therefore, parents need to know several things that lead to these symptoms and conditions, so that their appearance can be treated immediately, so that the cure rate is higher. This disease is a condition that occurs when the hole between the two atria of the heart is not closed by the valve. The hole that separates the left and right atria will allow oxygen-rich blood to flow back to the lungs.
If the hole is small, this disturbance is not a significant problem.
If left untreated, this condition can cause permanent damage to the blood vessels of the lungs. If the leak is large and not treated promptly, the blood flow can damage the heart and lungs, causing heart failure. VSD (Ventricle Septal Defect), a perforated heart chamber valve. This disease is a heart disorder characterized by holes in the valves between the chambers of the heart. The hole causes the heart to leak into the left and right ventricles of the heart, allowing some of the oxygen-rich blood to return to the lungs. If the hole is small, this disturbance is not a significant problem. However, be careful if the resulting hole is large enough, because this disease can cause heart failure, irregular heart rhythm or pulmonary hypertension, which is a condition that occurs when the pressure in the blood vessels from the heart to the lungs is too high. In children aged 2 years, usually a VSD only triggers a small hole and does not cause symptoms.
The severity of this leaky heart case is seen from how big the diameter of the leak is.
The hole will usually close by itself after some time. New problems will arise in children who show signs of heart failure, which is a complication of congenital heart disease. In such cases, the sufferer must get treatment immediately. "The severity of this leaky heart case is seen from how big the diameter of the leak is. Heart leaks in children can be recognized by listening to heart sounds. Doctors can hear abnormal heart sounds such as heart murmurs or additional heart sounds. Congenital heart disease is a disease that needs to be avoided, because it not only endangers the health of the baby, but also causes stunted growth and development. "Congenital heart patients, especially those with large leaks, are prone to respiratory infections, so they are susceptible to infection.
If there is frequent illness due to infection, it can affect its growth. In order to make his condition better, the patient with congenital heart disease must be kept from being in an environment where there is a cough, cold or cigarette smoke, because children are easily infected," said Dr. the child's body by completing immunizations. And, don't forget the nutritional intake," he continued. "The incidence of congenital heart disease in Indonesia is not much. But there is a trend in the range of 50-100 cases per year, said dr. His Majesty. "This needs attention, because the risk factors are increasing. First, in terms of the diet of pregnant women, it increases leakage or congenital heart disease, because it is increasingly not organic, whatever is consumed as long as it is delicious so that the safety limit is not considered. Second, the detection tool is getting better, there is Eco Cardiography. Now it's easier to detect," he continued. The Harapan Kita National Heart Center said that every year 40,000 babies born in Indonesia have congenital heart defects. As many as 24,000 of them require surgery in the first year of life. cannot function normally because of the mixing of dirty blood and clean blood as a result of damage to the heart chambers," said dr. It is easy to feel tired and faint. This is due to the lack of clean blood supply to the heart caused by a mixture of clean blood and dirty blood due to a leaky septum. Heart murmur. A condition in which the heart has a whistling, whistling or hoarse sound that occurs when blood moves through the heart or the blood vessels around the heart.