What is stock return and how is it calculated? Come on, see here! Do you know what stock returns are? In short, stock returns are the selling price of shares minus the purchase price of shares plus dividends. Choosing stocks as an investment tool is the right thing for beginners. However, it is also necessary to know that choosing stocks must also have basic knowledge so as not to lose. For those of you who want to start investing in stocks, first understand how to calculate the correct stock return. Let's see a more detailed explanation below. Stocks are one of the most popular and frequently used financial market instruments. Stocks can provide attractive returns. Therefore, many investors are interested and make stocks as one of their investment instruments. Quoted from the Indonesia Stock Exchange, shares are a sign of capital participation from either a person or a party (business entity) in a company or limited liability company. In carrying out stock investments, there is such a thing as stock returns.
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Simply put, stock return is the level of profit enjoyed by investors. In addition, stock returns are also important for companies and investors. This is because stock returns are one indicator of a company's performance, whether it is good or not to invest in the stock market. As for stock returns, according to experts, based on Corrado and Jodan, stock returns are the gains obtained from investors' share ownership on their investment activities and consist of dividends and capital gains/losses. Based on the type, stock returns are divided into 2, namely realized stock returns and expected stock returns. The types of stock returns are as follows. The first type of stock return is realization.
Expected stock returns can be realized or not.
Realized stock return is the calculation of the difference in stock prices based on historical company data that has occurred. Realized stock returns use past or historical data in their calculations. After that, the realized stock returns are further divided into several types, namely total returns, relative returns, cumulative returns, and return adjustments. Expected stock return is an intangible return because it is still in a state of expectation or expectation. Expected stock returns can be realized or not. To calculate expected stock returns, it can be seen from the expected future values, historical returns, and existing expected returns. There are 2 factors that influence the return of stock profits, namely macro and micro factors. Macro factors are divided into two, namely economic and non-economic.
To find out stock returns, there are several indicators to analyze it.
Macroeconomic factors that affect stock returns can be inflation, interest rates, foreign exchange rates, economic growth rates, and so on. Meanwhile, non-economic macro factors are political events, both domestic and international. The micro factor in question is a condition in which a problem occurs within the company, including financial and non-financial information or data, to fundamental and technical information. To find out stock returns, there are several indicators to analyze it. The stock return indicators are as follows. First, the stock return indicator is the Relative Strength Index or abbreviated as RSI. RSI is one of the indicators used to measure the volatility of an asset's price. RSI is used to evaluate whether the asset is said to be in an overbought or oversold position.
This indicator is used to analyze the price movement of an asset.
Furthermore, the stock return indicator is the Moving Average Convergence Divergence or MACD. This indicator is used for technical analysis that describes the relationship between two moving averages in an asset price trend. The moving average itself is the average price depicted by a trend line. The next indicator is the Stochastic Oscillator. This indicator has a function as a hint of buy and sell signals through two intersecting lines. This indicator also has a purpose which is to guide the price of the last closing trade by calculating the difference between the lowest and highest prices in a certain period of time. Bollinger Bands is an indicator that is often used by traders. This indicator is used to analyze the price movement of an asset. In addition, this indicator can also be used among crypto asset investors. Based on the type, how to calculate stock returns can be divided into 2, namely the realized stock return formula and the expected stock return formula. The way to calculate stock returns is as follows. In addition to the two formulas above, there are also other ways to calculate stock returns, namely stock returns in the form of capital gains and capital losses. The formula is as follows. The return will be said to be profitable if it is positive and is considered a loss if it is negative. That was a brief explanation of the understanding of stock returns, don't forget there is also a formula along with how to calculate stock returns for those of you who are just starting to invest in stocks. Please note that every investment has its own risks, so you need to consider it before doing it. Hopefully useful and don't forget to check other articles on OCBC NISP!
Are you planning to buy an automatic car? Or planning to ride it in the near future? Maybe you already know that the way to drive an automatic car is different from the usual car, which shifts the gears manually. Automatic cars have automatic transmissions, where the automatic car gearshift system is designed to be able to move without having to step on the clutch pedal. Automatic transmission has two types of systems, both of which are also known to be simpler and easier, namely semi-automatic and automatic systems. This is How to Check Jakarta Number Plates, Easy! Even though it's automatic, it doesn't mean that driving an automatic type car is just playing the gas and brakes. You also have to be required to have a good feeling in measuring engine power because automatic cars also have transmissions that you can adjust depending on your needs. You will meet the automatic transmission lever with the code P, R, N, D, D3, 2 and L. If you are a new player in driving an automatic car, you are definitely confused by the letters and numbers that are rarely found. 9 Ways to Get Rid of Stickers on Motorcycles, Smooth Back Again! How to Check Vehicle Number Plate Owners Online, Easy! Complete Car Window Film Price List, Must Know! Well, to help you recognize a dead car gear, Qoala will explain in full about automatic car gear, from how to drive it, the meaning and function of each of the codes above and other information you need to drive an automatic car through this review.
If it's your first time driving an automatic car, you may be a little confused about how to drive it. Especially if you are used to using a manual car, which has a different way of operating the gear from the automatic one. This is because you don't have to adjust the clutch or shift gear because it's done automatically. You just need to stop and go without shifting gears or playing the clutch. But if you are not used to having to be careful, you might get confused between the brake pedal and the pedal or the wrong way to use the automatic car gear. Not infrequently heard of accidents because they are not familiar with how to shift gears automatic cars that are not familiar. Therefore you must know some important things in how to drive an automatic car below. As a beginner you need to be careful so that the lever is always in the correct position. First before starting the engine, the lever position must be in the P position or in the N position. Do not position the lever in reverse or R, these positions are used to reverse. If the lever is in the R position, the car will not start when it is started.
It is important to depress the brake pedal at the same time as moving the lever in gear.
When you enter the key, do not immediately start the engine. You should wait for the needle to spin until the indicator is active or lit which indicates the electricity is ready. Some types of automatic cars provide an indicator in the form of sound when the car is really ready to be started. When first starting, it is recommended to step on and hold the brake pedal for safety reasons because you are afraid that the car will suddenly accelerate forward. Some automatic cars have an automatic procedure that keeps the engine running if you don't press the brake pedal, although some don't. When the engine is on and you want to start moving, the first step that needs to be done is to change the gear position of your automatic car which was originally in position P or N, to position R to go backwards or D to go forward. It is important to depress the brake pedal at the same time as moving the lever in gear. This method can prevent damage to the machine. The transmission lever aka gear or automatic car gear is an important component that affects the speed of the car.
In general, whether it's Agya automatic car gear, Mobilio automatic car gear or others have DSLPR and N automatic car gears. Well, you need to understand each function of the automatic car gear. Riding mode or driving mode is present as a supporting feature in automatic cars now with varied choices. You can choose the mode that suits your needs, one of which is the economic mode. This economical mode is suitable for those of you who want to drive an automatic car more relaxed. If you want to go at a higher speed, you can choose the sport mode. This mode will set the car engine to maximum performance. There are still several more types of modes offered, please learn and use as needed. Automatic cars are also usually equipped with manual mode. Even though it's called manual, it doesn't mean you will operate it the same as a non-matic car. That's roughly how to drive an automatic transmission car alias matic. It's actually simpler and more practical than the manual one, but if you're not familiar, it takes time to adjust. Especially from the transmission side which uses different codes. Not only numbers that indicate the order of teeth as in manual cars, but the shape of the teeth of automatic cars also uses a code in the form of letters to indicate their respective functions. What are the codes and their functions? Let's move on to the next discussion. As already mentioned a little above, in general, the transmission lever is marked with letters and numbers, namely P, R, N, D, 2, and L. This is standardly applied to various brands, be it in Xpander automatic car gears, gear shifters Honda Jazz automatic car, Ayla automatic car gear and even Avanza automatic car gear.