The optic nerve is a small photoreceptor located on the retina or the back of the eye. These photoreceptors function as light sensors and transmit the received signals to the brain. Eye nerve disease in the form of damage to the optic nerve and the area at the back of the brain that causes visual information to be disturbed, causing loss of vision. This disease needs immediate treatment so that the damage does not get worse. Buy Medicines Delivered Immediately! Below are the symptoms of eye nerve disease to its treatment that you need to know. Both eyes work to send signals received which are then forwarded to the back of the brain. The brain has an optic chiasm, which is a nervous system that divides and crosses one another.
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Damage to these nerve fibers will cause a certain pattern of vision damage. The causes of eye disease themselves are diverse and have various triggers that cause this disease to arise. Production of eye fluid at the corner of the eye. This fluid can also appear in the pupillary gap. Age. Age is one of the biggest risk factors. Adults aged 20 to 40 years are more likely to develop eye nerve disease. The vision that became more and more normal after previously blurred. Optometrists have a variety of ways to treat eye nerve disorders. Based on the research that has been done on ophthalmic patients, the researchers tried to provide treatment in the form of oral steroid treatment or empty drugs (placebo) and with intravenous (IV) steroids.
The result is treatment using steroids gives little change to the patient.
This study is known as the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trials (ONTT). Researchers conducted randomized treatment of several patients with eye nerve disorders. The result is treatment using steroids gives little change to the patient. However, there was a difference in the risk of recurrence in patients treated with IV steroids or oral steroids. Patients treated with IV steroids had less risk of recurrence than patients treated with oral steroids. In addition, patients treated with IV steroids had a 50 percent lower risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) than patients treated with oral steroids alone or a placebo. Of the number of patients treated with IV steroids and added oral steroids experienced MS as much as 7.5 percent. Based on the ONTT research, ophthalmologists are now choosing to treat eye nerve disease using intravenous (IV) steroid treatment and oral steroids. Ophthalmologists do not recommend treatment using only oral steroids. HonestDocs Editorial Team is committed to providing accurate information to our readers. We work with doctors and health practitioners and use reliable sources from relevant institutions. You can learn more about our editorial process here. Pau D, et al. Menon V, et al.
Optic neuritis. Jenkins TM, et al.
2011). Management of optic neuritis. Mayo Clinic Staff. (2016). Optic neuritis: Overview. Kappos L, et al. Garrity J. (2016). Optic neuritis. Atkins EJ. (2009). Optic neuritis and MS. Wynford-Thomas R, et al. Neurological update: MOG antibody disease. Osborned B, et al. Optic neuritis: Prognosis and treatment. Yanoff M, et al., eds. Inflammatory optic neuropathy and neuroretinitis. In: Ophthalmology. 5th ed. Interferon beta-1A. IBM Micromedex. Zitelli BJ, et al. Ophthalmology. In: Zitelli and Davis' Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. Liu GT, et al. Visual loss: Optic neuropathy. In: Liu, Volpe, and Galetta's Neuro-Ophthalmology. Ferry FF. Optic neuritis. Jenkins TM, et al. Optic neuritis: The eye as a window to the brain. Current Opinion in Neurology. Optic neuritis. Merck Manual Professional Version. Meltzer E, et al.
Optic Neuritis: Risk Factors, Causes, and Symptoms.
Updates and controversies in the management of acute optic neuritis. Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology. Optic neuritis. American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Kellerman RD, et al. Optic Neuritis: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Diagnosis, Treatment. What Is Optic Neuritis?. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Optic Neuritis: Risk Factors, Causes, and Symptoms. Optic Neuritis and Neuropathy: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments. Retinal and optic nerve diseases. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Clinical assessment of optic nerve disorders. Optic neuritis - Symptoms and causes. Optic Nerve Disorders. MedlinePlus. Optic neuritis: Symptoms, treatment, and causes. Optic neuritis. Johns Hopkins Medicine. Optic neuritis (optic nerve inflammation). Adult Optic Neuritis: Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology. Optic Neuritis Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis & Symptoms. This article is for health information only, not a medical diagnosis. HonestDocs recommends that you continue to consult directly with doctors who are experts in their fields. Thanks for reading. How useful is this information to you? Thanks for the suggestions and input! We will improve the quality of our service to make it more useful.
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Are you planning to buy an automatic car? Or planning to ride it in the near future? Maybe you already know that the way to drive an automatic car is different from the usual car, which shifts the gears manually. Automatic cars have automatic transmissions, where the automatic car gearshift system is designed to be able to move without having to step on the clutch pedal. Automatic transmission has two types of systems, both of which are also known to be simpler and easier, namely semi-automatic and automatic systems. This is How to Check Jakarta Number Plates, Easy! Even though it's automatic, it doesn't mean that driving an automatic type car is just playing the gas and brakes. You also have to be required to have a good feeling in measuring engine power because automatic cars also have transmissions that you can adjust depending on your needs. You will meet the automatic transmission lever with the code P, R, N, D, D3, 2 and L. If you are a new player in driving an automatic car, you are definitely confused by the letters and numbers that are rarely found. 9 Ways to Get Rid of Stickers on Motorcycles, Smooth Back Again! How to Check Vehicle Number Plate Owners Online, Easy! Complete Car Window Film Price List, Must Know! Well, to help you recognize a dead car gear, Qoala will explain in full about automatic car gear, from how to drive it, the meaning and function of each of the codes above and other information you need to drive an automatic car through this review.
If it's your first time driving an automatic car, you may be a little confused about how to drive it. Especially if you are used to using a manual car, which has a different way of operating the gear from the automatic one. This is because you don't have to adjust the clutch or shift gear because it's done automatically. You just need to stop and go without shifting gears or playing the clutch. But if you are not used to having to be careful, you might get confused between the brake pedal and the pedal or the wrong way to use the automatic car gear. Not infrequently heard of accidents because they are not familiar with how to shift gears automatic cars that are not familiar. Therefore you must know some important things in how to drive an automatic car below. As a beginner you need to be careful so that the lever is always in the correct position. First before starting the engine, the lever position must be in the P position or in the N position. Do not position the lever in reverse or R, these positions are used to reverse. If the lever is in the R position, the car will not start when it is started.